Should The Bible Be Taken Literally?

theology-of-preachingOkay, I’m sitting in class checking my email and I go on Yahoo of course, and we all know my deconstructionist approach to the biblical text, so of course this following story leapt out at me.

Don’t expect to hear these Bible stories at church.

Cannibalism, rape, a bear that mauls children — this is the Bible?

They’re among six stories from the Old Testament acted out in “Terror Texts,” a musical at Northwestern College in Orange City.

Adding to the shocking nature of the stories are the theatrics, with actors decked out in Goth attire, a rock band and a mosh pit.

Theater professor Jeff Barker said the obscurity of the stories belies their value.

“We believe we have discovered something that has been lying dormant for many, many centuries,” said Barker, who created and directs “Terror Texts.”

The musical was first performed at the 1,200 student Christian college in northwest Iowa in February and came back for an encore this fall, with a last performance slated for this weekend.

Barker uses the King James version of the Bible, and actors speak each verse word-by-word. It is not an interpretation or adaptation, like “Godspell” or “Jesus Christ Superstar.”

“There’s tremendous power waiting when you simply speak and act these stories aloud with faithfulness to the text, not trying to adapt them or add a lot of bits, but just simply play what’s written there,” Barker said.

Barker views the Bible as a “repository of ancient plays,” and when performed they can be seen in a whole new light — even the dark stories.

“I was looking for terror text, stories I can say are thematically tied together because they are frightening and mysterious and terrifying,” Barker said. “That’s part of what we’re saying with this whole project that life and God himself are mysteries.”

William Dyrness, a professor of theology and culture at Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, Calif., specializes in visual arts in relation to religious tradition.

He said biblical scholars have proposed that much of the Old Testament is poetry and was designed to be sung, especially in the temple as part of worship.

“It’s not far from that to think of it as a play,” he said. “Theologians have argued the best way to understand the Bible is in terms of it being a great dramatic performance.”

He called “Terror Text” a creative variation of that idea.

“This is obviously a very Protestant approach where you’re attempting to understand this story so that you can see the way the Bible applies to your life,” he said. “You carry it on in your life. You become part of the story.”

Student Hannah McBride has several roles in the performance, including as a virgin who gets kidnapped at the end of a story of rape, murder and war. McBride said it has shown her something about herself.

“This particular project has affected the way I view negative emotions — grief, anger, bitterness and spite and hate. We are meant to be emotional people. The Bible in a lot of ways shows us that that’s OK,” she said. “We need to embrace that we’re going to be very, very sad and we won’t know what to do with that.”

In her role as a virgin, McBride wears a wedding dress that has been destroyed. She describes her look as a “corpse bride.”

“It has that image of what could have been great, I ruined,” she said.

In a world in which religion often is practiced privately or individually, Barker said he hopes people will understand the Bible better through his performance.

“These mysterious, dark stories of the Old Testament, they bring us face-to-face with the suffering of the world,” Barker said. “It says we are capable of great evil and we must not forget these stories and we have some serious things to be accountable for in our own lives as a group and individually.”

Well, the feminist theologian Phyllis Trible was famous for her feminist approach to the weird and downright awful biblical texts and she coined the much used phrase “texts of terror” from her 1984 book of the same name.

The ultimate question is what do we do with these non-Sunday school texts?  Let alone the kids that ask that basic question about who did Cain marry in order to have kids since we’re taught tabla rasa that Adam and Eve were created, had to kids, Cain killed Abel.  And even if they had other children, even a daughter, that’s not in one’s frame of reference to say that an incestous relationship took place–although, this same biblical text holds the passage of 2 Samuel 13 when Amnon raped his sister named Tamar.

Passages like this in the Bible have clearly lead to my low level authority of the biblical texts.  I believe firmly that there are eternal truths to be pulled from there, but as to say that the Bible has the ultimate and final say on issues of the 21st century is to fall victim to the fallacy of religion.  And those that still say that it is the “inerrant Word of God” I feel have succumbed to being brainwashed even more than the rest of us.  Those are the ones, in my opinion who have put themselves in a position to beat people up with religion.

You all know where I stand on this issue.  Discuss this amongst yourselves:  Per the Al Sharpton topic from earlier this week, should the Bible be taken literally or is it really no more divinely inspired than these blog posts?

Keep it uppity and keep it truthfully, JLL

5 thoughts on “Should The Bible Be Taken Literally?

  1. Do you think it was truly incest when Cain married his sister or cousin?

    The Bible doesn’t say that Adam and Eve only had two children, it just tells the story of those two children. We don’t really know how many children were born or how old Adam and Eve were when they had Cain and Abel. Or how old Abel was when he was killed.

    I think some parts of the Bible are literal and some are clearly symbolic.

    I think that much of the Torah is an explanation of Jewish law that was not meant to be followed by modern day Christians, and the Bible outlines this fact during Peter and Paul’s attempts to convert Gentiles.

    I think far too many liberal Christians and non-believers use the strangest passages from the Bible to claim that it’s just a good work of fiction, while ignoring other passages that accurately predict the future and still remain relevant in our modern world. I believe the Bible was inspired by God and written by man and it accurately reflects the lessons God wanted us to learn.

    I also think it’s pretty silly to believe that the individuals who assembled the modern Bible had some grand plan to use it to keep humans in check, but that they then constructed a book with so many obvious passages that would lead to conflict. That’s a pretty piss poor attempt at world domination.

  2. @ big man

    I agree with you for the most part, but as we both know interpretation is subjective. Yeah, for the most part I hear you though.

    Fact of the matter is that the Bible says a lot of things and doesn’t speak with one voice. I fail to believe that the honest intent of the writers who have compiled the writings of the Hebrew Bible had some christological focus in their writings. Christian reclaims of the Hebrew Bible text have produced the Old Testament as we know it in the modern form of 39 OT books.

    I reconcile the Adam and Eve text simply as that the Israelites needed somewhere to write and codefy (sp?) their history and given their theocentric slant, this was what they decided on.

    Given my own low level of authority of the biblical text, I’ll repeat that the texts of the Bible are no more inspired than these blog posts that you are I write.

  3. I think spirituality would be too easy if you could just take everything literally or just dismiss everything as fiction. I think the “truth” is in the middle somewhere.

  4. Hey there!

    I think that the Bible should be studied in its proper context….

    There is figurative language in the Bible….there is literal language in the Bible.

    There are many metaphors.

    People need to be able to understand the context that the writer was presenting the teaching from God… very often…we attempt to PLACE Westernized mentalities into the Bible and gross misinterpretations result.

    The Bible contains historical and cultural backdrops….we need to understand the context of how those backdrops relate to the instruction presented.

    The problem that has occurred within the church construct is that FAR TOOOO MANY want to sit and listen to the preacher and do not want to take the time to study God’s word and to hear from God directly.

    They are willing to accept whatever someone says who they deem an “authority of the Bible”. Tsk, tsk.

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